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Mental health of the elderly in COVID 19 Pandemic
Leila GHanbari-Afra *, Monireh GHanbari-Afra
1. PhD candidate, Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Abstract:   (214 Views)
Background and Aim: With the growth of technology, medical science, improving health and nutrition, life expectancy has increased and mortality has decreased. On the other hand, with the corona virus pandemic, the threat to human health is a threat to the health of people, including the elderly, all over the world. Considering the economic, social, psychological and cultural consequences of COVID 19, the researchers decided to examine the mental health status of the elderly.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 200 elderly people living in Qom in the second 6 months of 1399. Sampling was performed by available methods. Mental health status was assessed using the 28-item Goldberg General Health Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and linear regression tests using SPSS13 software were used to analyze the data.
Results: In the present study, 65% of the elderly were women. Their mean age was 68±2.1. 56% of them had at least one of the chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood fats, obesity or smoking. The mean total score of mental health was 49±6 (0-89) and under the subscales of physical symptoms and general condition was 13±2.1, anxiety was 13±2.2, social dysfunction was 12±1.2 and depression was 11±1.3. Based on linear regression test, history of chronic disease and unmarried people were the factors influencing this relationship.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, the elderly, including people without a spouse and a history of chronic disease in the period of COVID 19 are at risk of mental health disorders. Therefore, it is recommended that education at the general level of society try to pay special attention to families and society and provide social and psychological support to the elderly. It is also suggested that qualitative studies be conducted to identify the causes of concerns and their anxiety.
Keywords: Mental Health, Elderly, COVID 19 Pandemic, Iran
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/06/3 | Accepted: 2021/07/24 | Published: 2021/08/1
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GHanbari-Afra L, GHanbari-Afra M. Mental health of the elderly in COVID 19 Pandemic. 3. 2021; 1
URL: http://elderhealth.jmu.ac.ir/article-1-53-en.html


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همایش ملی سلامت سالمندی National Conference on Elderly Health
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