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Reasons for Hospital Admission and Mortality in Elderly Population in South of Iran, a Retrospective Study
Masoumeh Kheirandish *, Saba Khanjani moaf, Hamdan Firouzi, Elham Bushehri
Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Shahid Mohammadi Hospital, Jomhuri Eslami Blvd., Bandar Abbas, Iran
Abstract:   (84 Views)
Background: The hospitalization in elderly patients has been increasing in our country, and it may lead to mortality; as a means to reduce the number of hospitalized elderly, it is required first to figure out the main reasons for hospitalization. We aimed to determine the common causes of hospital admission and mortality in the elderly Iranian population in the south of Iran.
Methods:  The retrospective cross-sectional study included 539 elderly patients who were admitted to the general hospital in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, in 2016.
Results: Out of 539 elderly patients included in this study, 295 (54.7%) were male with a mean age of 72.63 ± 8.65 years.  The urban dwellers consisted of 54% of the participants.  The men had significantly higher duration of hospitalization as well as higher death, compared to their counterparts (p-value: 0.003). The infectious ward had the most average admission duration. The greatest number of patients (35%) admitted to cardiology department, while the undermost value was related to neurosurgery ward (8 %). The most frequent diagnosis for hospitalization was cardiovascular disease such as acute coronary syndrome (13.9%), admission for angioplasty (6.51%). The most common cause of death (21.9%) was septicemia, followed by metastatic cancer, myocardial infarction (MI), and congestive heart failure.
Conclusion: Iran is a country dealing with aging due to expanding medical care facilities and increasing life expectancy. Health care politician should take consideration the major cause of hospitalization and mortality to implicate the preventive strategies among elderly population.
Keywords: elderly, hospital admission, mortality, Iranian population
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/06/20 | Accepted: 2021/07/24 | Published: 2021/08/1
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Kheirandish M, Khanjani moaf S, Firouzi H, Bushehri E. Reasons for Hospital Admission and Mortality in Elderly Population in South of Iran, a Retrospective Study. 3. 2021; 1
URL: http://elderhealth.jmu.ac.ir/article-1-123-en.html

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همایش ملی سلامت سالمندی National Conference on Elderly Health
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